YE Haosheng,SU Jiajia.Predictive Cognition Model: A New Unified Paradigm of Cognitive Science?[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2022,(05):065-78.





Predictive Cognition Model: A New Unified Paradigm of Cognitive Science?
YE Haosheng SU Jiajia
predictive cognition model representation wars enactive cognition sense-making new paradigm
For more than half a century, cognitive science has remained a research field consisting of multiple disciplines, and there is no research paradigm serving as a common scientific discourse system in this filed. In the 21st century, under the new zeitgeist of “complex science”, the development of “dynamics” leads to a “paradigm shift” in cognitive science, in which the “predictive cognition model”(PCM)integrates the forces from psychology, physics and neuroscience, and is expected to win the title of “the unified paradigm of cognitive science”. However, the PCM was born in neuroscience, and whether it can successfully be grafted into cognitive science is still under controversy. The question of concern is whether the PCM can be a new unified paradigm of cognitive science. In this article, we try to answer this question from the following three aspects. Firstly, taking the combination of the theoretical evolution of cognitive science, Cognitivism, Connectionism and Embodied cognition, and the PCM as the main line, we sort out three traditional PCMs from the theoretical perspective, which are all found to be unable to break the “information processing paradigm” because of the representation problem. Secondly, by focusing on the skeleton of “representation wars”, “enactive cognition” and “sense-making”, we find that the traditional PCMs all stand on the standpoint of “representationism”, and it have not solved the problem of “representation wars”, while the “enactive cognition” that advocates “sense-making replaces representationism” seems to be able to well fit the PCM and cope with the challenge. Finally, inspired by the emphasis on “sense-making” of enactive cognition, we further establish the PCM of enactive cognition by proposing the three perspectives of sense-making and clarifying the dynamic mechanism. Although the question of whether the PCM can be falsified remains unanswered, comparing the PCM with the “Darwinian evolution theory” reveals that there they have something in common: the PCM does indeed serve as “inference to the best explanation” of cognitive science. In view of this, we conclude that the combination of the PCM and enactive cognition will promote the full development of the “dynamics” of cognitive science, and thus can hopefully become a new unified paradigm of cognitive science.


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YE Haosheng, PhD in Psychology, is Professor and PhD Supervisor at College of Teacher Education,Zhejiang Normal University(Jinhua 321004); SU Jiajia, Corresponding Author, is PhD Candidate at College of Teacher Education, Zhejiang Normal University(Jinhua 321004).
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-10-25