[1]马宇航.大众化再考察:高等教育女性化的起点与内在逻辑[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2019,(06):049-59.
 MA Yuhang.Rethinking Mass Higher Education: Origin and Internal Logic forFeminization of Higher Education[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2019,(06):049-59.
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大众化再考察:高等教育女性化的起点与内在逻辑
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《南京师大学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
049-59
栏目:
教育学研究
出版日期:
2019-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Rethinking Mass Higher Education: Origin and Internal Logic forFeminization of Higher Education
作者:
马宇航
南京师范大学教育科学学院博士后流动站(南京 210097)
Author(s):
MA Yuhang
关键词:
教育公平高等教育女性化高等教育大众化国际比较相对出让
Keywords:
education equity feminization of higher education mass higher education internationalcomparative study relatively transfer
摘要:
2009 年中国普通高校本专科女生总量开始超过男生,经过近10 年发展,高校女生数量优势逐渐扩大并引起广泛关注,这种被称作“高等教育女性化”的现象自20 世纪70 年代至今已经在世界范围普遍出现。本文通过国际比较,发现高等教育大众化是高等教育女性化现象在世界范围普遍出现的起点和必要条件。在此基础上,通过探讨这一现象所蕴含的高等教育发展规律,呈现了女性优势开始即男性优势结束时高等教育机会的临界范围,进而提出大众化阶段适龄男性人口“相对出让”高等教育机会的理论观点,在一定程度上拓展了高等教育大众化与教育公平的理论边界、丰富了高等教育大众化与教育公平的理论内涵。
Abstract:
The notion of Feminization of Higher Education that depicts the number of female studentssurpassing that of males in colleges appeared in China in 2009. The new gender gap has grown rapidly within10 years, which has aroused considerable attention from both academia and society. Feminization of HigherEducation appeared in 1970s then spread worldwide rather than exists in China alone. Through internationalcomparative study, this study found that mass higher education is the“ origin” and“ necessary condition” forfeminization of higher education. Furthermore, through discussing the development pattern of higher educationworldwide, this study found the“ critical range” where females ’ advantage begins and males ’ advantage ends,then put forward a theoretical point of view that males“ relatively transfer” educational opportunities to femalesin the stage of mass higher education. These discoveries may expand the theoretical boundaries in studyingmass higher education and education equity.

相似文献/References:

[1]余秀兰.关注质量与结果:我国教育公平的新追求[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2019,(01):029.
 YU Xiulan.Quality and Outcome Count: The New Pursuit of Education Equity inChina[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2019,(06):029.
[2]汤美娟.从代言到行动:教育底层研究的跃迁——弗莱雷对话教学思想的方法论启示[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2019,(02):051.
 TANG Meijuan.The Shift from Speaking on Others’ Behalf to Taking Action inStudies on Lower Class Education: Methodological Implications ofPaulo Freire’s Dialogic Teaching[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2019,(06):051.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
马宇航,教育学博士,南京师范大学教育科学学院博士后流动站研究人员(南京 210097)。
MA Yuhang, PhD in Education, is Postdoctoral Fellow at School of Education Science,Nanjing Normal University( Nanjing 210097)
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-25