[1]王海英.新中国70年我国学前教育管理变革的回顾与反思[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2019,(04):040-52.
 WANG Haiying.A Review of and Reflection on the Reforms in China’s Pre-schoolEducation Management since 1949[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2019,(04):040-52.
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新中国70年我国学前教育管理变革的回顾与反思
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《南京师大学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
040-52
栏目:
教育学研究
出版日期:
2019-07-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Review of and Reflection on the Reforms in China’s Pre-schoolEducation Management since 1949
作者:
王海英
南京师范大学教育科学学院(南京210097)
Author(s):
WANG Haiying
关键词:
新中国70 年学前教育管理体制机制
Keywords:
China’s 70 years since 1949 pre-school education management system and mechanism
摘要:
新中国成立70 年以来,我国学前教育事业在曲折中不断前进,具体到管理层面也不断进行着多重调整,主要表现为:在管理理念上从被动防范、强权控制到主动变革、服务教育的发展轨迹;在管理制度上存在着从权力中心到责任共担的历史演变;在管理内容上发生着从缺乏规划、封闭管理到规范调控、强调质量的总体变迁;在管理方式上经历着从集权模式到多中心治理的发展变化。回顾并反思我国建国70 年以来学前教育管理的变革历程可以发现,对“儿童中心”教育理念的逐步践行,对“政府主导”体制机制的日益强化,对“规范发展”管理目标的不断优化,对“分级治理”管理方式的建立健全。
Abstract:
Over the past 70 years since 1949, China’s pre-school education has developed in twistsand turns, and the management of pre-school education has also undergone multiple changes. In terms ofthe management philosophy, preschool education management has shifted from implementing a passiveprevention and control to actively embracing changes and serving education. In terms of the managementsystem, there has been a historical evolution from the power centered-ness to the sharing of responsibility. In terms of the management content, there has been an overall change from a lack of planning and closedmanagement to rule-based regulation and pursuit of high quality. In terms of the management mode, therehas been a shift from centralized management to a mode characterized by multiple centers. A review of andreflection on the development of the preschool education management since 1949 reveal that the managementof preschool education in China has made the following achievements: gradually implementing the“ childcentered”educational concept; continuously strengthening the system and mechanism of“ governmentplaying a leading role”; relentlessly optimizing the management objectives of“ rule-based development”;and establishing and improving the management mode of“ hierarchical governance”

相似文献/References:

[1]项贤明.新中国70 年教育观变革的回顾与反思[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2019,(02):015.
 XIANG Xianming.A Review of the Changes in China’s Outlook on Education Since 1949[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2019,(04):015.
[2]佘双好.新中国70 年思想政治教育模式发展的内在理路[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2019,(04):103.
 SHE Shuanghao.The Inner Logic in the Development of China’s IdeologicalEducation over the Past 70 Years[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2019,(04):103.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
王海英,教育学博士,南京师范大学教育科学学院教授、博士生导师(南京210097)。本文系全国教育科学“十三五”规划课题“我国非营利性民办园制度建设研究”(BFA170056)的研究成果。
WANG Haiying, PhD in Education, is a Professor and PhD Supervisor at School ofEducation Science, Nanjing Normal University (Nanjing 210097).
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-25