[1]谭桂林.鲁迅疾病叙事与中国现代生命伦理的发生[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2019,(02):005-14.
 TAN Guilin.Lu Xun’s Illness Narratives and the Emergence of Modern LifeEthics in China[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2019,(02):005-14.
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鲁迅疾病叙事与中国现代生命伦理的发生
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《南京师大学报》(社会科学版)[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
005-14
栏目:
本刊特稿
出版日期:
2019-03-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Lu Xun’s Illness Narratives and the Emergence of Modern LifeEthics in China
作者:
谭桂林
南京师范大学文学院, 210097
Author(s):
TAN Guilin
TAN Guilin, PhD in literature and Distinguished Professor of the Chang Jiang ScholarsProgram, is Professor and PhD Supervisor at School of Chinese Language and Literature, Nanjing NormalUniversity ( Nanjing 210097 ).
关键词:
鲁迅疾病叙事生命伦理现代性
Keywords:
Lu Xun illness narratives life ethics modernity
摘要:
鲁迅文学中的疾病叙事不仅体现着鲁迅的医学背景、人格影响,而且灌注着鲁迅自己对生命的伦理观念。这些观念主要有三个方面的内容:一是主张安乐死,能医的就医,不能医的就帮助他死得没有痛苦;二是反对酷刑与虐杀,批判国民性中对科学的精神没有兴趣,而把聪明才智都挥洒在这种给被害人带来无穷而难忍的痛苦的虐杀与酷刑上;三是尊重残疾者但反对滥施同情,体现出肉体之小与精神之大的辩证认知。鲁迅的这种生命伦理观念既是鲁迅自身疾病纠缠的生命体验的升华,也是科学精神与生命哲学互织的结晶。鲁迅在其一生中对生命伦理现代化的思考与践行,体现出的正是他对《新青年》催生“最后觉悟之觉悟”即伦理觉悟的启蒙方略的主动呼应。
Abstract:
The illness narratives in Lu Xun’s works not only reflect his medical background and some aspectsof his personality, but embody his ethical ideas about life. His views on life ethics includes the following threeaspects. Firstly, he supported euthanasia, thinking that if his disease was curable, the patient must be treatedbut if not, he should be helped to die in a decent and painless way. Secondly, he was against torture and killing,criticizing the dark side of traditional Chinese national character which showed a lack of interest in life sciencebut great talent for inventing different cruel ways to torture and kill people. Thirdly, he respected disabledpeople but opposed condescending sympathy towards them, which speaks of his dialectical understanding thatspiritual being was superior to physical being. Such a life ethics of Lu Xun was the result of the interactionbetween his own experience of illness, his belief in science and his life philosophy. His thinking and practiceof the modern life ethics in all his life was an active response to the enlightenment strategy promoted by themagazine Xinqingnian 新青年 ( New Youth ) for helping people to gain“ the ultimate understanding” ( i.e. theawareness of ethics ).

相似文献/References:

[1]曹清华*.位置与身份:左翼鲁迅的意义[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2016,(01):154.
 CAO Qing-hua.Position and Identity: The Meaning of Leftist Lu Xun[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2016,(02):154.
[2]张 娟*.《野草》中的“陌生人”世界和城市批判[J].南京师大学报(社会科学版),2018,(06):126.
 ZHANG Juan.The Strangers’ World and Urban Criticism in Lu Xun’s Wild Grass[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2018,(02):126.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
谭桂林,文学博士,南京师范大学文学院教授、博士生导师,长江学者特聘教授(南京 210097)
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-30