[1]徐 嘉*.儒家伦理的发展方向:人伦之理与内在超越[J].南京师范大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(06):005.
 XU Jia.Developmental Orientation of Confucian Ethics:The Rule of HumanRelations and the Idea of Immanent Transcendence[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2017,(06):005.
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儒家伦理的发展方向:人伦之理与内在超越
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《南京师范大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
005
栏目:
【哲学研究】
出版日期:
2017-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Developmental Orientation of Confucian Ethics:The Rule of HumanRelations and the Idea of Immanent Transcendence
作者:
徐 嘉*
东南大学人文学院与道德发展研究院,210096
Author(s):
XU Jia
关键词:
儒家伦理心性之学纲纪之道人伦之理内在超越
Keywords:
Confucian ethicstheory of xinxingway of gangjirule governing human relationsimmanenttranscendence
摘要:
20 世纪初以来,儒家伦理的现代转型主要出现了四种理论形态,即义理上的心性之学、制度伦理上的纲纪之道、社会生活中的人伦之理、精神信仰上的内在超越。然而,这些研究的现实影响与实践意义却仍有限。尽管现代新儒学阐发的“良知的自我坎限”精致而玄妙,但企图以此为根源而生发出科学与民主却是一种虚幻的构想,不能产生实际作用;随着封建社会的解体,没有了宗法家族制度与政治体制等诸多制度的支撑,纲纪之道已失去了其赖以生存的根基,而儒家伦理想要依托现代社会制度发挥作用也面临种种困难;与此相比,儒家的人伦之理与现代伦理观念相结合,在社会中还在广泛地发挥作用,影响着民风、习俗与道德风尚;“内在超越”理论则揭示了儒家伦理价值系统的特质,因其超越性而产生的伦理信仰塑造了中国人的伦理意识、道德思维与精神追求,彰显了非宗教式信仰的意义。因此,在走向现代文明的进程中,儒家的“人伦之理”与“内在超越”理论经过重新诠释与建构性重塑,依然是中国人道德生活的价值源泉,这也是儒家伦理未来的发展方向。
Abstract:
Since the early 20th century,the modern transformation of Confucian ethics has produced fourtheoretical forms,namely the theory of xinxing 心性(literally disposition and character);the way of gangji 纲纪(literally rules and regulations) governing social activities;the principles governing interpersonal relations;and the immanent transcendence of spiritual belief. Although these theoretical achievements have promotedthe development of Confucian ethics,they have hardly enhanced the influence of Confucianism in practice.The doctrine of self-limited conscience proposed by the modern neo-Confucianism provides new perspectivesbut cannot establish the political foundation for science and modernity. The collapse of patriarchal family andpolitical systems together with the feudal society not only resulted in the disappearance of the way of gangji,but also made it difficult to achieve the political ideal of the Confucian ethics. By comparison,the Confucianhuman relations combined with modern ethics still have great impact on social conventions,custom andindividual moralities. According to the theory of immanent transcendence,Confucianism has shaped Chinesepeople’s ethical consciousness,moral thoughts and spiritual pursuits,demonstrating the importance of nonreligiousbelief. Therefore,in the journey to modern civilization,the Confucian human relations and immanenttranscendence,if reinterpreted and reconstructed according to the social and cultural developments,will stillform the source of values for Chinese people,which is the developmental orientation of Confucian ethics in thefuture.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
* 哲学博士,东南大学人文学院与道德发展研究院教授、博士生导师,210096。本文是江苏省公民道德与社会风尚协同创新中心、江苏省道德发展智库(2242016S30071)研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-11-25