[1]章 乐*.论科技时代的伦理及其教育尝试[J].南京师范大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(06):084.
 ZHANG Le.Ethics in Age of Science and Technology and Its Education[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2017,(06):084.
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论科技时代的伦理及其教育尝试
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《南京师范大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
084
栏目:
【教育学理论与实践研究】
出版日期:
2017-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ethics in Age of Science and Technology and Its Education
作者:
章 乐*
南京师范大学道德教育研究所,210097
Author(s):
ZHANG Le
关键词:
责任伦理忧惧启示法科技时代教育尝试
Keywords:
ethics of responsibilityheuristics of fearage of science and technologyeducation attempts
摘要:
现代科学突出的实践与应用特性、现代技术的“自进步”与封闭性以及现代科技赋予人类前所未有的力量,使得过去的伦理学面临着种种挑战,人们亟需一种新型的伦理。对于此,人们提出了责任伦理,这是一种整体性、远距离、自我限制的伦理。忧惧启示法是责任伦理实现的重要方法,在教育中使用它的目的在于培养人们的整体、未来意识和节制精神。对于此目的的实现,忧惧启示法提出了两个紧密相连的教育任务:其一,引导人们想象技术行动的长远后果;其二,激发一种适合于这种想象的图景的恐惧情感。然而,恐惧毕竟是一种消极的情绪,在教育中使用忧惧启示法是有限度的:第一是恐惧的限度,即教育中所引发的恐惧要适度;第二是年龄的限度,即不能让年幼的儿童感到恐惧;第三是其自身的限度,即在教育中不排斥其他方法的使用。
Abstract:
The birth and development of modern science and technology confronts the past ethics withchallenges,so people are in an urgent need of a new type of ethics. To meet this need,scholars put forward theethics of responsibility,which is a kind of integrated,long-distance and self-regulating ethics. The heuristicsof fear is one of the important methods to realize this type of ethics. The purpose of this method in education isto cultivate people’s consciousness of wholeness and future as well as the sense of moderation. To realize thispurpose,the heuristics of fear has proposed two closely linked education tasks,which are respectively guidingpeople to imagine technical action of the long-distance consequences and inspiring a kind of fear emotionsuitable for this imagined picture. However,to realize this education value of fear,we must recognize thecondition of fear in education. Firstly,the fear triggered in education should be moderate. Secondly,we cannotlet young children feel fear. Thirdly,we do not exclude other methods from education.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
* 教育学博士,教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地南京师范大学道德教育研究所副教授,210097。本文为国家社会科学基金教育学青年课题“风险社会的道德教育”(CEA140167)阶段研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-11-25