[1]柯劲松*.战后日本的历史观——七十年间教科书中的侵华战争记述之变迁[J].南京师范大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(06):066.
 KE Jing-song.View on History in Post-War Japan:Changes in the TextbooksConcerning the War Narratives of Japanese Invasion of China[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2017,(06):066.
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战后日本的历史观——七十年间教科书中的侵华战争记述之变迁
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《南京师范大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
066
栏目:
【历史学研究】
出版日期:
2017-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
View on History in Post-War Japan:Changes in the TextbooksConcerning the War Narratives of Japanese Invasion of China
作者:
柯劲松*
东北师范大学外国语学院,130024
Author(s):
KE Jing-song
关键词:
日本历史观教科书历史教育侵华战争
Keywords:
Japanhistorical viewtextbookshistory educationwar of aggression against China
摘要:
二战后七十年间日本占主流地位的历史教科书中,针对侵华史虽有部分内容某种程度的客观记述,但在对一些基本史实的态度和指导思想上还存在许多问题。比如,“南京大屠杀”的含糊其辞与缩减分量、天皇责任的回避隐瞒、化学武器和无差别空袭等恶行的只字未提、“村山谈话”与“慰安妇”记述的转瞬即逝、受害者意识的过度突出与加害者意识的反省不足等等。概言之,即试图在教科书记述中通过“置换”内容来谋求“遮掩”史实的暗流始终存在。因此,日本民众的日益保守与历史修正主义的兴起可以认为历史教育乃其营养源泉,并且官民两方面的历史认识都受到了深深的负能量冲击。
Abstract:
During the 70 years after the ending of World War II,there are some objective accounts of thehistory of Japanese invasion of China in the mainstream history textbooks in Japan,but some distortions can beidentified in the accounts of some basic historical facts and the guiding principle of viewing the history is alsoproblematic. For instance,the accounts of Nanjing Massacre are fraught with ambiguity and evasion;there islittle discussion on what responsibility the Japanese emperor should take;there is no mention of such atrocitiesas the use of chemical weapons and undifferentiated bombing;the Tomiichi’s speech and accounts of comfortwomen are short-lived;too much emphasis is placed on Japan’s role as a war victim rather than a war criminal.In short,there has always been an underlying desire to conceal historical facts through replacements of contentsin the history textbooks in Japan. Therefore,it can be said that the distorted accounts in the history textbooksare the source of the increasing conservativism among Japanese people and their revisionist view on history.This has a negative impact on the official as well as the popular understandings of history in today’s Japan.

相似文献/References:

[1]池建新*.论高等教育普及化语境中教育机会公平的保障——以日本为借鉴[J].南京师范大学学报(社会科学版),2016,(03):088.
 CHI Jian-xin.How to Ensure Equal Opportunity in a Society with Mass HigherEducation:Taking Japan as an Example[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2016,(06):088.
[2]高晓霞*.日本校园欺凌的社会问题化:成因、治理及其启示[J].南京师范大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(04):100.
 GAO Xiao-xia.School Bullying as a Social Problem in Japan:Causes,Governanceand Reflection[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2017,(06):100.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
* 文学博士,东北师范大学外国语学院副教授,130024。本文是吉林省哲学社会科学规划项目(2015ZX5)的研究成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-11-25