[1]沈杏培.正义与及物——关于文学批评何为及当前困境的思考[J].南京师范大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(01):144.
 SHEN Xing-pei.Justice and Concrete Analysis:A Reflection on What LiteraryCriticism is and the Current Dilemma[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University (Social Science Edition),2017,(01):144.
点击复制

正义与及物——关于文学批评何为及当前困境的思考
分享到:

《南京师范大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2017年01期
页码:
144
栏目:
当代中国文学批评专题
出版日期:
2017-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Justice and Concrete Analysis:A Reflection on What LiteraryCriticism is and the Current Dilemma
作者:
沈杏培*
南京师范大学文学院,210097
Author(s):
SHEN Xing-pei
关键词:
正义及物公共知识分子“80 后”文学批评
Keywords:
justiceconcrete analysispublic intellectualsliterary criticism of the post-80s generation
摘要:
好的文学批评应该具有“正义”与“及物”的内在属性:好的文学批评不仅是在“寻美”,更是一种敢于冒犯、体现知识分子批判理性的“求疵”过程,是散发着知识分子正义的“及物”活动,是批评者“不低于”批评对象的对话与“问诊”——这是我所理解的高明、有效的文学批评应该具有的品质和向度。当前文学批评中流行的“不及物”批评形态包括“化简为繁”式义理叠加、“邻猫生子”式的伪问题、“砍头割脚”式的阉割批评模式和“求全责备”式的错位标尺判断,其共同特征在于看似充满了各种“理性”和“问题”,实是“不及物”或是非理性的胡搅蛮缠。
Abstract:
The defining attribute of good literary criticism should be just and concrete analyses. In otherwords,good literary criticism is not only the process of looking for beauty,but also the activity for peopleto find fault,which can be offensive sometimes but reflect the critical rationality of intellectuals. It is also theactivity that embodies the sense of justice which should be pursued by the intellectuals,and it is a dialogue andconsultation in which the critics can share level playing field with their objects. This is the quality and aspectthat should be possessed by good,effective literary criticism in my understanding. At present,we have a lotof popular but empty literary criticism,which can be put into four major categories:the first type tends to be amixture of various kinds of theories and“ -isms”,which make a simple issue unbearably complex;the secondone usually focuses on a pseudo-issue which contains little substance;the third one can be called“ castratedcriticism”;and in the fourth form the critics act more like a nitpicker. A common feature shared by these typesof literary criticism is that they seem to be full of all kinds of“ sense” and“ issues”,but actually they are emptytalks with little reason and substance.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
* 文学博士,南京师范大学文学院副教授,210097。本文系江苏省社科基金项目“新世纪长篇小说的介入性与公共性问题研究”(16ZWB009)、全国优秀博士论文基金高等学校全国优秀博士学位论文作者专项基金资助项目(201414)阶段成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-02-28