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A Development of Dilthey’s Descriptive Psychology(PDF)

《南京师范大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

Issue:
2015年01期
Page:
96-104
Research Field:
理论心理学与心理学史研究
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
A Development of Dilthey’s Descriptive Psychology
Author(s):
GUO Ben-yu
Keywords:
Spranger descriptive psychology types of personality mental development human science
PACS:
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DOI:
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Abstract:
The structural descriptive psychology, proposed by famous German psychologist Spranger, inherits and develops the romantic tradition in descriptive psychology inaugurated by Dilthey. Spranger insisted on interpreting the relation between descriptive psychology and explanatory psychology from the angle of binary opposition. In his opinion, human science-oriented descriptive psychology is more conducive to a true grasp of the integrity of mental life’s significance due to its emphasis on cultural context and overall understanding. Yet natural science-oriented psychology undermines such integrity for its obsession with lab operation, causal hypothesis and element analysis. Spranger took psychology as a subject of human science, and advocated that we should comprehend the integral structure of mental life in social, historical and cultural contexts. Within the framework of psychology, he identified six basic types of personality(theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social, political and religious), each corresponding to a certain cultural domain. In addition, he made fruitful explorations of adolescent mental development, and summarized its three characteristics: identity discovery, emergence of a life plan and entry into different life domains. Spranger’s structural descriptive psychology, in line with Dilthey’s descriptive psychology, develops and surpasses the latter on some concrete issues.

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Last Update: 2015-02-28